2. The Baltic-Black Sea Union
* building a “union state”
Today’s Need for Implementation of the BBSU Project
- In 2015, the idea of the Baltic-Black Sea alliance gained new significance after the newly elected President of Poland Andrzej Dudahad repeatedly stated that he intended to invite the heads of Central and Eastern European countries to create a “partnership alliance of states” from the Baltic to the Black and Adriatic Seas.
- On the eve of his inauguration, August 6, 2015, A. Duda called for creation of the Baltic-Black Sea alliance of states consisting of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Moldova, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and the six countries of the former Yugoslavia. At this, A. Duda expressed willingness to discuss this idea by holding meetings with the heads of states of Central and Eastern Europe. Actually, Andrzej Duda continued the work begun by Polish President Lech Kaczynski, who shortly before his death in a plane crash near Smolensk, had offered to host an international conference on “Intermarum”, based on the changes in Ukraine, which occurred after the 2004 Orange Revolution.
I think there are two important things about this A. Duda’s initiative. It is important that for the first time in the history of Europe, the initiative to create the Baltic-Black Sea alliance was voiced by the President of the most economically powerful and politically influential country of Eastern Europe, a strategic partner of Ukraine.
However, the question arises: why does the President of Poland, which is already a member of the European Union and NATO, propose to create the Baltic-Black Sea alliance?
Firstly, as a representative of the right-wing radical Law and Justice Party, A. Duda had to take into consideration that the electorate of this party has certain anti-German and anti-Russian sentiments and in their understanding the idea of the Baltic-Black Sea Union is an alternative to foreign policy strategies of the Russian Federation, Germany and the EU leadership, in which Germany and France play a leading role, and whose European strategy is based on the idea of “non-subjectiveness” of the states of the Baltic-Black Sea region and the possibility of reaching a compromise with Russia at the expense of the interests of countries of the region. Thus, according to the leadership of the Law and Justice Party and its supporters, the results of Normandy Summit in June 2014, as well as the first and second “Minsk Agreements” showed the main features of such a strategy of a “geopolitical compromise” between Berlin, Paris and Moscow at the expense of Ukraine.
Secondly, the idea of the military-political and economic cooperation between the countries of the Baltic-Black Sea region brings to the agenda the issue of their transformation into separate geopolitical entities whose policies may be different not only from Moscow’s policy, but also from Berlin, Paris and the EU’s policies. In other words, it is about trying to create within the European Union a new Eastern European center of geopolitical influence, which could implement joint political and economic interests.
According to some political scientists, such an idea would be well perceived in Washington as a counterbalance to Berlin-Paris tandem against the background of major military, political and economic contradictions between the USA and the European Union, and the growing “Euroscepticism” and “European anti-Americanism”.
Today, the President of Poland A. Duda is trying to realize a long-standing idea of creating the Baltic-Black Sea Alliance in the situation when Russia’s aggression against Ukraine has demonstrated the inadequacy of the current European security system, despite the NATO, the OSCE, the UN and the EU, in the situation where the USA and the UK have not fulfilled their obligations to protect the sovereignty of Ukraine in accordance with the Budapest Memorandum of 1994, and not a single Western European country is going to stop by force Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine.
The West’s delaying Ukraine’s joining the EU and NATO makes Ukraine seek allies to defend its independence and sovereignty from Russia’s aggression. These potential allies are, first of all, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania, Moldova and Georgia, which, like Ukraine, have repeatedly been a victim of the imperial politics of tsarist, Soviet and Putin’s Russia.
The advantages of creating the Baltic-Black Sea Union include good geostrategic and compact location of Intermarium countries on crossing of transport and energy corridors, complementary economies, long historical contacts and interaction, similarity of ethnic mentality, ideological, cultural and civilizational foundations.
Due to closer political and economic cooperation within the framework of the BBSU, the Eastern European countries could be identified as a completely independent, self-sufficient and organic interstate association with its own interests. This would weaken the struggle between the USA and Russia for influence in Eastern Europe and strengthen the European security. Creation of the BBSU can in no way delay the process of integration of Eastern and Western Europe, but will make this process more stable, organized and harmonic, and will minimize the attempts to “stretch” the Eastern European countries between the West and Russia.
- The publication is not an editorial. It reflects solely the point of view and argumentation of the author. The publication is presented in the presentation. Start in the previous issue. The original is available atcom.ua