Odessa. A heroic fight
BSSB.BE victory.sokolniki.com 10.04.2018
*On the award of the hero-city Odessa the order of Lenin and the gold star medal.
Odessa is a city (since 1794) in the Ukraine, the administrative center of the Odessa region, the largest port city on the Black Sea, a major industrial, cultural, scientific, and resort center. It is a centre of highways and railroads. The number of inhabitants is the fourth in the Ukraine (after Kiev, Kharkov and Dnepropetrovsk).
In the first days of the war Odessa was essentially the front city. Fierce fighting on the distant outskirts of Odessa turned out in early August 1941.
On August 5, the Supreme Command gave the order to defeat Odessa, “as long as possible”.
At the urging of city and regional party organizations, thousands of workers went to the construction of defensive lines. As soon as possible six defensive zones were created on the outskirts of the city.
From August 8, the city was declared a state of siege. On August 10, the enemy began to attack the fortifications of Odessa. The fierce attack of enemy forces was reflected by the Independent Coastal Army troops, and warships of the Black Sea Fleet.
In late August, the enemy broke through to the Dnieper River in the area from Kremenchug to Kherson. Odessa was deep in the enemy’s rear.
Despite repeated superiority in manpower and technology, three hundred thousand enemies for 73 days had to mark the walls of the city.
The Black Sea Fleet provided naval communications and defeated Odessa from the sea.
The city fought up to the last ditch. The population of Odessa bravely endured the hardships and dangers of the siege — the systematic attacks by the enemy aircraft and artillery fire, lack of food. In these difficult circumstances factories did not stop working for a single day.
The soldiers and the people became a single military garrison.
The enemy never managed to capture the city. Only due to changes in the general situation at the front, Soviet High Command ordered the evacuation of troops from Odessa on September 30, 1941. Lasted for two weeks, the evacuation was completed at dawn on October 16. It was clear, organized and without any losses.
Long-term defense of Odessa pinned considerable enemy forces and foiled the plans to seize the city on the move. The enemy lost 160 thousand soldiers and officers at Odessa.
Occupation of Odessa lasted about 30 month. Under the leadership of the party organization fight with the invaders did not stop for a single day.
In 1944 the entire Soviet-German front, deployed large-scale offensive operations. On April 10, 1944 troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, with the active participation of the partisans and underground fighters liberated Odessa.
Walk of Fame, the tomb of the Unknown Sailor in the recreation park named after T. Shevchenko, obelisks, plaques, name of avenues and streets — all of these remind the immortal feats of the heroic defenders of Odessa.
On April 10, 1944 in the result of the Odessa operation executed from March 26 to April 14, 1944, the Ukrainian troops under the lead of general R. Malinovskiy liberated the city of Odessa from the nazi occupation. Its a significant holiday for all Odessa citizens, especially at such a difficult time for all Ukraine.
- The publication is not an editorial. It reflects solely the point of view and argumentation of the author. The publication is presented in the presentation. Start in the previous issue. The original is available at: sokolniki.com/