OSCE Mission to Ukraine
BSSB.BE laender-analysen.de 28.05.2018
* Four years of conflict in Ukraine leave 4.4 million people in a dire humanitarian situation
- OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM): Status Report, 2 May 2018 • Between 16 and 29 April 2018, the SMM recorded almost 8,300 ceasefire violations along the contact line in the east of Ukraine—a ten per cent decrease on the previous two-week reporting period. There was a notable upsurge in violence on 24 and 25 April, during which 30 per cent of the total number of recorded ceasefire violations occurred.
- The ongoing violence resulted in a number of civilian casualties, with six people killed and 17 injured. This brings the total number of civilian casualties confirmed by the SMM since the beginning of the year to 74, including 18 fatalities. (…
- During the reporting period, the SMM’s freedom of movement remained restricted due to the presence of mines and unexploded ordnance on both sides of the contact line, as well as due to restrictions, mostly denied access, by members of the armed formations (23 times) and by the Ukrainian Armed Forces (five times). In one incident on 28 April at a checkpoint near Horlivka, members of the armed formations threatened to detain patrol members (see ). Moreover, the sides continue to target SMM unmanned aerial vehicles, jamming them and directing small-arms fire at them.
- Since 18 April, the SMM has been facilitating and monitoring access for Voda Donbassa water company employees to and from the Donetsk Filtration Station after employees came under small-arms fire and were wounded on 17 April. The Donetsk Filtration Station is animportant civilian infrastructure facility that supplies water to more than 300,000 people on both sides of the contact line. SMM daily reports are available in three languages (English, Ukrainian and Russian) on the OSCE website: (…
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA): Four years of conflict in Ukraine leave 4.4 million people in a dire humanitarian situation (New York, 20 April 2018)—
- The Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Ukraine, Mr. Neal Walker, today briefed Member States and International Organizations on the dire humanitarian situation faced by 4.4 million conflictaffected people in eastern Ukraine. After four years of conflict, 3.4 million people in Ukraine are struggling to cope with the impact of the humanitarian crisis and urgently require humanitarian assistance and protection. Every day, the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine forces millions of civilians to make impossible choices whether they eat, have medicine, or their children go to school.
- Critical civilian infrastructure is severely impacted, as ceasefire agreements are consistently disregarded. There were on average 40,000 violations per month last year alone. During his briefing, Mr. Walker said that, “only this week, five water treatment workers were shot while trying to maintain critical water infrastructure along the “contact line”.
- Today, water supplies to over 345,000 civilians hang in the balance. Last year alone, over 130 incidents affected critical water infrastructure”. Over 600,000 people, including 100,000 children, bear the brunt of the continued armed clashes along the 457- km ‘contact line’. Every month, over 1 million people are forced to cross the “no-man’s land” through checkpoints, many to simply access basic humanitarian and social services.
- More than 2,500 civilian men, women and children have been killed, and over 9,000 injured, since hostilities began four years ago. Explosive hazard contamination in eastern Ukraine is impacting 1.9 million people, including around 200,000 children. The use of landmines across urban areas, farmland and the checkpoints is a constant concern. “Last week, landmines killed a family of four in eastern Ukraine. In 2017, over 235 civilians were killed or injured by landmines and other explosive remnants of war,” said Mr. Walker
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