The rise of geopolitics
BSSB.BE London School of Economics and Political Science 21/11/2018
Balkans Ex-USSR Europe
* Aspects of geopolitics in EU foreign policy with a focus on the region on its eastern borders (that the EU has identified as its Eastern Neighbourhood) and Russia
The Ukraine crisis has deeply affected the European Union’s (EU) understanding of its role in international relations. Diplomats in Brussels and other European capitals seem to have embraced the idea that the EU must have a more strategic and geopolitical approach in its foreign policy (Costa 2018
Mogherini, F. 2018. Remarks by high representative/vice-president federica mogherini at the joint press point with wang yi, state councillor and minister of foreign affairs of the People’s Republic of China following the EU-China Strategic Dialogue. To a great deal of academics and analysts this shift should have occurred much sooner Implementing the global strategy where it matters most: The EU’s credibility deficit and the European Neighbourhood.
Scholars taking this stance have particularly focused on the EU’s grand strategy, its strategic partnerships, the role of public diplomacy, geopolitics, the development of peacekeeping missions or the relationships between values, interests and strategic thinking. The special issue aims to discuss and contextualise the recent rise of traditional aspects of geopolitics in EU foreign policy with a focus on the region on its eastern borders (the Eastern Neighbourhood) and Russia.
Contributions evaluate the way recent events in the international arena (such as the Ukraine crisis, the Arab Spring or the rise of ISIS) have emphasised the need for the EU to engage with traditional geopolitics and strategic thinking in foreign policy.
While, an initial reading of the EU’s recent development and behaviour in the Eastern Neighbourhood might point to the increasingly salience of traditional geopolitical considerations, the articles in the collection (up to the point that Raik’s article does not explicitly use the term geopolitics) highlight that the hybrid nature of the EU also translates into its approach to geopolitics. Acknowledging that elements of traditional geopolitics are salient forces in world politics adds to the EU’s hybrid approach and has made it reframe its search for authenticity.
Much of the development of the EU’s foreign policy has been marked by the goal of creating a strong presence in international order, albeit one which is hybrid, authentic and different than those of traditional nation states, and draws on the Union’s nature and capabilities.
In this logic, geopolitics was perceived at the root of conflict and tension in the world politics, which led to the two world wars. The EU has framed itself as a project of peace which aims to transcend the traditional trappings of geopolitics and Realpolitik
Nevertheless, the EU has always had geography (understood as geographical spaces) and power at the centre of its design. Not only does its membership have a strong geographical component, but its foreign policy tends to address different geographical areas around the world through distinct policies. The two regions on its southern and eastern borders (conveniently known as the Eastern and Southern Neighbourhood) are a key example of geography directing the nature of EU external policies. While great power politics relegates the neighbourhoods of major international actors to mere spheres of influence, the EU’s geographical delineation of its neighbourhood emphasises the need to help the countries in the region develop and learn from the EU’s own recipe for success (Nilsson and Silander 2016
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Dr Malmgren served as financial market advisor to the President in the White House and on the National Economic Council from 2001-2002. She was a member of the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets and the Working Group on Corporate Governance. She dealt with Enron, Sarbanes Oxley as well the Anti-Money Laundering provisions of the Patriot Act and had responsibility for terrorism risks to the economy on the NEC after 9/11. She was the Deputy Head of Global Strategy at UBS and the Chief Currency Strategist for Bankers Trust. She headed the Global Investment Management business for Bankers Trust in Asia.
Dr Malmgren has been a visiting lecturer at Tsinghua University in Beijing and an occasional lecturer for INSEAD and the Duke Fuqua Global Executive MBA Program. In 2000 The World Economic Forum in Davos named Dr Malmgren a Global Leader for Tomorrow. She is a Governor and member of the Council of Management of the Ditchley Foundation in the UK. She is a frequent guest on the BBC, including Newsnight and the Today Program, and a guest anchor on both CNBC’s Squawk Box and Bloomberg’s most widely viewed programs. She has a B.A. from Mount Vernon College and a MSc. and PhD. from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
- The publication is not an editorial. It reflects solely the point of view and argumentation of the author. The publication is presented in the presentation. Start in the previous issue. The original is available at: London School of Economics and Political Science