Turkey’s Moldova step by step
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TURKEY’S EUROPEAN FUTURE tackles the question of how the United States (US) has influenced relations between the European Union (EU) and Turkey, and especially the decisions of the EU on Turkey.
Relations between Turkey and Moldova
Turkey recognized Moldova’s independence on 16 December, 1991, which was declared on 27 August, 1991. Diplomatic relations between Turkey and Moldova were established on 3 February 1992. The Friendship and Cooperation Agreement, which is considered as the legal basis of bilateral relations between Turkey and Moldova, was signed during President Süleyman Demirel’s visit to Moldova, on 2-3 June 1994.
“The Agreement on Mutual Abolition of Visas” between the two countries was signed on 1 November, 2012.
The relations between Turkey and Moldova gained significant momentum as of late. Accordingly, many high level visits are being conducted. Prime Minister of Turkey, H.E. Binali Yıldırım paid a visit to Moldova on 5-6 May 2017, which included a Gagauz Yeri leg. Prime Minister Yıldırım’s visit was the first official bilateral prime ministerial visit from Turkey to Moldova.
Trade volume between Turkey and Moldova in 2016 amounted to 313 million US Dollars (189 million Dollars of Turkish exports, 124 million US Dollars of imports from Moldova). Turkish investments in Moldova have totaled 250 million US Dollars. Turkish construction firms have undertaken 28 projects, worth 288 million US Dollars. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the two countries entered into force on 1 November 2016.
Turkey has an Embassy in Chisinau and an Honorary Consulate in Komrat (Gagauzia).
Moldova has an Embassy in Ankara, a Consulate-General in Istanbul and Honorary Consulates in Aydın (vacant), Belek, Bursa and Manisa.
The deepening of the Polish-Romanian-Turkish triangle and its successful engagement in the Black Sea region depends, in particular, on Turkey’s approach to this initiative because of its strong ties with Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine and due to its huge potential. Meanwhile, the potential of Ukraine and its close economic and social ties with Poland, Turkey, Georgia, and Moldova make Kiev the key partner for the Polish-Romanian-Turkish triangle among the Eastern Partnership countries
Moldovan and Turkish businessmen now play a key role in strengthening ties, says Moldova’s ambassador to Ankara
In light of the geographical closeness between Turkey and Moldova, good relations, and the support of authorities, Moldovan and Turkish businessmen now play a key role in strengthening bilateral ties, Moldova’s Ambassador to Turkey Igor Bolboceanu told Anadolu Agency.
- “We realize the ever-growing importance of Turkey in the context of European and regional politics as it is visible in our commerce, as well as the development of investments and growth in the Moldovan economy,” Bolboceanu told the agency in an exclusive interview Thursday.
- Bolboceanu said that Turkey is the seventh-biggest exporter to Moldova and the ninth-largest importerfrom Moldova, a country of about 3.5 million people northeast of the Black Sea. He added that under a bilateral free trade agreement reached last November, numerous new opportunities opened up which will allow the intensification and significant growth in the volume of transactions that are “mutually advantageous».
- “We are fairly optimistic that the volume of exchange goods will soon reach almost $1 billion. I also want to say that lately a rising number of Turkish businessmen are contacting our diplomatic mission to get more information about the business climate of my country, showing a great interest in establishing business contacts with potential business partners from the Republic of Moldova,” Bolboceanu said.
Bolboceanu stressed that Moldova is developing policies which encourage businessmen from other states to invest in Moldova.
“Recently I made a work-related trip to Adana, famous like other regions of Turkey for its developed agriculture. I convinced myself that there exists an interest there in the Republic of Moldova, and on our fertile land there is placefor a literally fruitful cooperation,” he said.
“Also in order to support Turkish businessmen interested in doing business with the Republic of Moldova, our Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration has opened consulates of the Republic of Moldova in Bursa, Manisa, and Belek,” Bolboceanu said.