On values and value changes within Europe
BSSB.BE Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute 21/12/2018
FRANCE GERMANY UNITED KINGDOM Europe World
* The EU is «taken for granted» that`s why is to collapse or not… Christian Haerpfer talks about global and European values and current challenges.
The International Research Program with the title “World Values Survey” is analysing political and cultural values since 1981 in many European countries and in a series of countries in other parts of the world.
This blog is presenting the main results of the international research on political values in Europe and in comparison of European countries with selected countries from other world regions.
These data have been created by several hundred thousands of face-to-face interviews in 60 countries of the world in the period between 1994 and 2014.
- The first European trend is the steady continuity of secularisation in Europe in the last 20 years. The importance and significance of religion declined during this period of European history in all European states.
- The second trend is the slow, but steady increase of general life satisfaction in Europe. This growing majority of Europeans, who are satisfied with their lives is opposed to a minority of European citizens, who are dissatisfied with their general life conditions in the course of the last 20 years of European history.
- The third European trend is a slow increase of personal happiness of European citizens. Again there is a minority of Europeans, which are increasing unhappy with their personal lives.
- The fourth European trend is a growing hostility towards all forms of corruption and a general wish to have clarity, transparency and accountability in politics and society in Europe. The only exception within European countries is in Russia, where the trend is to the contrary.
- The fifth European trend in social and political values is that the hostility towards homosexuality is clearly decreasing in the last 20 years of European social and political history. The exception from this Pan-European pattern is Turkey, where we found very high levels of homophobia.
- Trend number 6 of European values change is the growing acceptance of abortion as an autonomous choice of European women. Nevertheless, the supporters of abortion are still a slowly growing minority in their respective societies.
- The diffuse support for the national community in a given European state is measured by the extent of national pride. The pride of Germans of the German state and the Swedish of the Swedish nation etc. is declining and decreasing during the course of the last 20 years of European history.
- Trend number 8 is that the European citizens are less and less ready and willing to fight for their own country in the case of a war. This readiness to fight for the own country and to risk the own life for the own nation, is decreasing in a dramatic way.
- Trend number 9 is that support for democracy is stable in the course of the last 20 years of European history. This slow increase is taking place at a very high level of support for democracy in many European countries.
- Trend number 10 is that many European citizens support a market economy and the freedom of economic interactions, but not necessarily in a boundless process of globalisation.
- The publication is not an editorial. It reflects solely the point of view and argumentation of the author. The publication is presented in the presentation. Start in the previous issue. The original is available at: Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute